The brake system is very important in a vehicle. It would be extremely difficult to control a car which has faulty brakes, and this may lead to many road accidents. The brake system helps in stopping or slowing a moving vehicle by converting its kinetic energy to heat energy.
These are the different types of the braking system in a vehicle.
This is a type which is designed for reducing the speed of rotation of the vehicle. In this system, the brake pads are pushed against the brake’s rotors using the sets of callipers.
Single circuit hydraulics
This system is composed of a master cylinder which holds the hydraulic fluid. The master cylinder is linked to the metal pipes and rubber fittings which are attached to the wheel’s cylinders. The pressure generated within the cylinder pushes the pistons apart thus forcing the brake pads against the wheel cylinder. This brings the vehicle to a halt.
The working principle of this mechanism is based on the friction force. The drum mechanism consists of several pads which press on the drum once the brake pedals are stepped on by the driver.
Anti-lock system (ABS)
This is a system which is comprised of an electronic control unit, a hydraulic actuator as well as the wheel speed sensors. All the wheels are controlled separately, and this helps in maintaining traction. The speed sensors are responsible for detecting and preventing potential lockups.
Power booster mechanism
This mechanism relies on the vacuum power which is produced by the engine of the car. It amplifies the foot pressure applied by the driver when stopping the vehicle.
Advanced emergency mechanism
This system is designed with advanced safety features. It has inbuilt sensors which are used for monitoring the proximity of the vehicle to the other cars within its vicinity. These sensors detect if there is any vehicle ahead of your car. It stops your car automatically in case a vehicle or an object is detected ahead of it. This helps in avoiding a collision from taking place.
Dual-circuit braking system
It consists of a hydraulic system having two command circuits. One of the circuits is activated by the driver by stepping the brake pedal while the other unit is linked to the computer of your car. The second command circuit computes the force applied and then relays that information or data to the vehicle’s hydraulic pumps.